Governments should spend money on railways rather than roads.

Question – Governments should spend money on railways rather than roads. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience. Write at least 250 words.

The allocation of government funds for infrastructure development is a crucial aspect of shaping a nation’s transportation network. The statement suggesting a preference for investing in railways over roads raises questions about the optimal use of public resources. In my opinion, while both modes of transportation are essential, the argument in favor of prioritizing railways has its merits.

Firstly, railways offer a more sustainable and eco-friendly transportation option compared to roads. Trains are generally more energy-efficient and produce fewer emissions per ton-mile than individual vehicles. Investing in railways aligns with global efforts to reduce carbon footprints and combat climate change, making it a more environmentally responsible choice.

Moreover, railways often prove to be more cost-effective in the long run. Though the initial investment for constructing rail infrastructure may be higher, maintenance costs and operational expenses are typically lower than those associated with maintaining extensive road networks. This cost efficiency is particularly beneficial for governments facing budget constraints, allowing for the allocation of resources to other essential sectors. An example of successful railway investment is evident in countries like Japan and many European nations. Their advanced and extensive rail networks have not only facilitated efficient transportation but also reduced traffic congestion and enhanced overall connectivity.

However, it is essential to acknowledge that a balanced approach is crucial. Some regions may require road development to address specific transportation needs, such as connecting remote areas or facilitating last-mile connectivity. In rapidly developing urban centers, investing in both railways and roads can provide comprehensive solutions to meet the diverse and evolving transportation demands of the population.

In conclusion, while both railways and roads play vital roles in a nation’s transportation network, prioritizing investment in railways offers environmental sustainability and long-term cost efficiency. A thoughtful and balanced approach, considering the unique needs of each region, should guide government decisions on infrastructure development to ensure optimal utilization of public resources.



Let's Start a Conversation

Point of Contact:

Call us at:


Email us at:


46 D Pathribagh, Doon Sarla Academy,
SGRR PG College Rd, Dehradun,
Uttarakhand - 248001